Monday, April 22, 2024

Earth Day


Earth Day—Principles That Go Back To Genesis?

 Bodie Hodge, M.Sc., B.Sc., PEI

Biblical Authority Ministries, April 22, 2024

Happy “Dominion over the Earth” Day as it should be (or simply “Earth Day”). Today is a “holiday” where people use their God-given dominion to declare a day to honor and consider the way we, as mankind, live on earth.

Whether people realize it or not, this goes back to Genesis—though the “holiday” itself is new. The principles are found in Genesis. A ruling God made man in God’s image (Genesis 1:26-27[1]). Thus, He gave us something to rule over. In Genesis 1:28[2], God gave man and woman (man collectively) dominion over creation—the earth, the animals and so on.

Dominion means to look after the earth and care for it but use it in responsible ways. In the same way, if a parent gives a new bicycle or vehicle their child, that child now has dominion to rule over it. In doing that, they take care of it, maintain it, but also use it—for good.

Historically, man broke God’s law and sinned and rebelled against God (Genesis 3). God cursed the dominion of man which directly resulted the animals and the ground being cursed (i.e., the earth). Man was also sentenced to die. The world is broken, which means we have to work extra hard to work the ground (Genesis 3:17-19[3]) and take care of the earth.

In our culture, sadly, we have people who reject God and reject that we are made in God’s image and want to replace those concepts with secular ideas. Like the pagans of old, they want to worship the creation instead of the Creator (e.g., Romans 1:25[4]). They want to worship the earth and ourselves instead of God.

Our sin against God, which includes these errors, have eternal consequences—an eternal Heaven or Hell (Daniel 12:2[5])! The earth can’t save you and you can’t save the earth in any eternal way. It is God who can do that (e.g., John 5:24[6], 6:40[7]). He promised to make a new heaven and a new earth (collectively call “Heaven”; Isaiah 65:17[8]; 2 Peter 3:13[9]; Revelation 21:1[10]), but while we remain in this sin-cursed and broken world, we are still to exercise a caring dominion over it.

Do I like clean water, clean air, recycling, using technology to make cleaner coal, using technology to make renewable oil, and blend with clean energy based on new technologies? Of course. However, we need to make sure we don’t do it at the expense of attacking humanity and worshipping nature (e.g., the climate cult, environmentalism, etc.). These false religions can lead many astray. There needs to be a balance when it comes to using the earth responsibly.

Did you notice that I put “holiday” in quotes earlier in reference to Earth Day? A holiday is a Holy Day, which is predicated on a Holy God existing and making things holy (that is, sanctified and pure). So, can those who reject a holy God really have anything holy? Not consistently! As image bearers, we mimic a holy God when we develop holidays. For instance, there is man-made holiday developed between the Old and New Testament (e.g., the Festival of Lights/Feast of Dedication/Hannukah). Jesus attended, which shows us a freedom we have in the Lord to make new holidays.

God prescribed certain holidays in the Bible and one of them (Passover) happens to start today (on April 22, 2024—FYI Passover tends to move around a little on our modern Gregorian calendar). Passover is a type and shadow of the Lord’s crucifixion and resurrection where Jesus Christ was offered once for all as our unblemished, eternal Passover lamb/sacrifice (1 Corinthians 5:7[11]). It is only through the blood of Jesus Christ that we can be saved for all eternity and enjoy a new heavens and new earth in a perfect state enjoying God’s goodness forever.

I hope you not only ponder how man uses the earth currently; but seek to understand how this earth is broken due to sin. In light of this, I would also love for you to consider how we can be saved in Jesus Christ and thereby look forward to a new earth in a perfect state forever.  

[1] Genesis 1:26-27 Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. NKJV.

[2] Genesis 1:28 Then God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” NKJV.

[3] Genesis 3:17-19 Then to Adam He said, “Because you have heeded the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree of which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it’: “Cursed is the ground for your sake; In toil you shall eat of it All the days of your life.  Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you, And you shall eat the herb of the field. In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread Till you return to the ground, For out of it you were taken; For dust you are, And to dust you shall return.” NKJV

[4] Romans 1:25 who exchanged the truth of God for the lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen. NKJV.

[5] Daniel 12:2 And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, Some to everlasting life, Some to shame and everlasting contempt. NKJV.

[6] John 5:24 “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life. NKJV

[7] John 6:40 “And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him may have everlasting life; and I will raise him up at the last day.” NKJV.

[8] Isaiah 65:17 “For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth; And the former shall not be remembered or come to mind. NKJV.

[9] 2 Peter 3:13 Nevertheless we, according to His promise, look for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells. NKJV.

[10] Revelation 21:1 Revelation 21:1 Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea. NKJV.

[11] 1 Corinthians 5:7 Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us. NKJV.

Monday, April 15, 2024

Christian Holidays


Christian And Biblical-Based Holy Days (Holidays)

 Bodie Hodge

Biblical Authority Ministries, April 15, 2024

In our culture, many Christian holidays are being erased. How many people could recite just 4 of the 12 Days of Christmas for instance? What about Saturday and Sunday—these are weekly biblical holidays! Did you realize that?

You’d be surprised how many Christian and biblical-based holidays go by and no one seems to notice. Yet, Darwin Day, Earth Day, and Halloween (non-Christian days of celebration) seem to get precedence in our school systems while Christmas gets shut down! There is shift going on.

I decided to put together a list of popular Christian holidays that have been celebrated for thousands of years as well as the biblical feasts. Many holidays (holy days) are types and shadows but the substance is Christ and holidays reflect the substance of Christ. The Bible reminds us:

Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink, or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath. These are a shadow of the things to come, but the substance belongs to Christ. Colossians 2:16-17 ESV

Here are the major holidays that have been celebrated by Christians whether in the Old Testament, Intertestamental, the New Testament, or subsequently. 

Chart of Christian Holidays (including those specifically mentioned in the Bible)



All Saturdays/Sabbaths[1]

Instituted by God during Creation

All Sundays/Lord’s Days

The Day of the Lord in honor of Christ’s Resurrection on Sunday

New Moon[2]


Advent (four Sundays proceeding Christmas)


Festival of Lights/Hanukah/Feast of Dedication[3]


St. Nicholas’s Day

December 6

Christmas Eve

December 24


December 25

Twelve Days of Christmas[4]

December 26-January 6th

   1. Boxing Day (St. Stephen’s Day, the Martyr)

December 26

   2. Apostles Day (Specifically St. John)

December 27

   3. Ember Day (Holy Innocents)

December 28

   4. Martyrs and Sacrifice Day

December  29

   5. Holy Family Day

December 30

   6. New Year’s Eve (Hogmanay Day)

December 31

   7. New Year’s Day

January 1

   8. Church Father’s Day

January 2

   9. Triune Day[5]

January 3

   10. Presentation Day (Simeon’s and Anna’s Day)

January 4

   11. Epiphany Eve (Angels’ and Shepherds’ Day)

January 5

   12. Epiphany

January 6

Baptism of Jesus Day

Varies (first Sunday following Epiphany)

National Sanctity of Human Life Day

January 22

Creation Day

February 12

Ash Wednesday (First Day of the Lenten Season)[6]

Varies, always 40 days before Easter

St. Valentine’s Day

February 14



St. Patrick’s Day

March 17

St. Joseph’s Day (husband of Mary)

March 19[8]


Varies (tied to the Lunar calendar but is in March or April)

Feast of Unleavened Bread[11],[12]

Varies (tied to the Lunar calendar, 7 day feast that follows Passover)


Varies (tied to the Lunar calendar, first Sunday after the first Sabbath after Passover

Palm Sunday

Varies (the Sunday prior to Easter)

Holy Thursday[15]  (Maundy Thursday)

Varies (the Thursday prior to Easter)

Good Friday[16]

Varies (the Friday prior to Easter)

Resurrection Sunday (Easter)

The first Sunday following the first full moon on or after the vernal equinox[17]

St. George’s Day

April 23[18]

Ascension Day (39th day after the Resurrection)

Varies (always a Thursday, the 40 Day of Easter)

Feast of Weeks[19],[20]

Varies (tied to the Lunar calendar, 50 days [Pentecost] after Firstfruits)


Varies but is 10 days after Ascension Thursday

National Day of Prayer

May 6

St. Peter’s and St. Paul’s Day

June 29[21]

St. James the Great’s Day (son of Zebedee)

July 25[22]

Michaelmas (Michael’s and All Angel’s Day)

September 29

Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah)[23],[24]

Varies (tied to the Lunar calendar around September October)

Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)[25],[26]

Varies (9 days after the Feast of Trumpets)

Feast of Tabernacles/Booths/Ingathering/Sukkot[27],[28]

Varies (8 days festival beginning 5 days after the Day of Atonement)

Ussher’s Birthday for Creation

October 23 per the Julian calendar (translated to September 21 by the Gregorian Calendar)

Reformation Day/All Hallows Eve

October 31

All Saints Day

November 1

All Souls Day

November 2

St. Andrew’s Day

November 30


Varies, but is always the fourth Thursday of November






Dependent on the individual

Holy Matrimony (and Anniversaries)

Dependent on the husband and wife[29]

Birthdays (important to keep track of age[30])

Dependent on the individual[31]

Funeral Grievance/Mourning

Dependent on the individual[32]


Every 50th year (last ones 1967, 2017; next ones: 2067, 2117)

Communion/Lord’s Supper

As often as you drink it, in remembrance of Christ[33]




[1] Types and Shadows but the substance is Christ (Colossians 2:16-17).

[2] Types and Shadows but the substance is Christ (Colossians 2:16-17).

[3] John 10:22

[4] The Twelve Days of Christmas tend to vary depending on the culture. England specifically has one of the Twelve Days honoring a Bishop of Canterbury and another celebrating a saint of Worcester for example. But the Twelve Days of Christmas have extensive overlap beginning with Boxing Day and ending with the Feast of Epiphany. Some of these days have been celebrated as far back as the AD 200’s as the Feast of Epiphany is mentioned by a church father in the Fourth Homily: On the Holy Theophany, or on Christ’s Baptism, which was written in the 3rd century AD. The listing given here is for protestants and is from: B. Hodge, The Twelve Days of Christmas (for Protestants), Biblical Authority Ministries, December 16, 2015,

[5] For discussion, see: God is Triune from Scripture: Athanasius Creed can be found here:

[6] Sometimes denoted as Repentance and Fasting Day and beginning 40 days prior to Easter in honor of Jesus’ 40 days of fasting and prayer and Christ’s temptation by Satan.

[7] Based on Esther 9:26-32

[8] If Palm Sunday happens to fall on St. Joseph’s Day (a rare occurrence), then St. Joseph’s Day is honored on the following Monday.

[9] Exodus 12:1-4; Leviticus 23:5; Numbers 9:1-14; 28:16; Deuteronomy 16:1-3, 4-7; Matthew 26:17; Mark 14:12-26; John 2:13; 11:55; 1 Corinthians 5:7; Hebrews 11:28.

[10] Types and Shadows but the substance is Christ (Colossians 2:16-17) as He is our ultimate and final Passover sacrifice satisfying the wrath of God upon sin through the blood of His Son Jesus Christ.

[11] Types and Shadows but the substance is Christ (Colossians 2:16-17).

[12] Exodus 12:15-20; 39; 13:3-10; 23:15; 34:18; Leviticus 23:6-8; Numbers 28:17-25; Deuteronomy 16:3, 4, 8; Mark 14:1,12; Act 12:3.

[13] Types and Shadows but the substance is Christ (Colossians 2:16-17).

[14] Exodus 23:19; 34:26; Leviticus 23:9-14; Deuteronomy 26:5,9-10.

[15] After Sunset to commemorate the Last Supper.

[16] Commemorating the Day of Jesus’ Crucifixion.

[17] This is because Easter always follows the Passover date in any given year because Jesus actual resurrection was after the date that the Passover began. The Passover date is determined on a lunar Babylonian Calendar that was adopted by the Jews in the Captivity. The Jewish (Babylonian) Calendar has 354 days per year based on the moon’s cycle which is about 29.5 days (so each lunar month is either 29 or 30 days in length) with an extra month thrown in a every few years to correct the calendar. To make sure that Resurrection Sunday always followed Passover (the type and shadow leading to the Resurrection) on the Gregorian Calendar currently in use, a lunar element was added to fix the day each year. This is why dates for Easter, and those linked to Easter, vary each year on the current calendar. To calculate Easter Sunday, it is the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal/Spring equinox.

[18] This is the date accepted for date of his death during persecution of Christians in AD 303.

[19] Types and Shadows but the substance is Christ (Colossians 2:16-17).

[20] Exodus 23:16; 34:22; Leviticus 23:15-21; Numbers 28:26-31; Deuteronomy 16:9-12.

[21] In honor of their martyrdom at the hand of Nero in AD 68.

[22] In honor of his martyrdom in AD 44.

[23] Types and Shadows but the substance is Christ (Colossians 2:16-17).

[24] Leviticus 23:23-25; Numbers 29:1-6; 2 Samuel 6:15.

[25] Types and Shadows but the substance is Christ (Colossians 2:16-17).

[26] Leviticus 16:1-34; 23:26-32; Numbers 29:7-11.

[27] Types and Shadows but the substance is Christ (Colossians 2:16-17).

[28] Exodus 23:16; 34:22; Leviticus 23:33-38; 39-43; Numbers 29:12-34; Deuteronomy 16:13-15; 1 Kings 8:3; 2 Chronicles 7:1; Zechariah 14:16-19; John 7:2.

[29] Based on Genesis 2:24; Mark 10:6-9; John 2:1-11, etc.

[30] Important for a host of things such as Exodus 30:14, Number 1:3, etc.

[31] Based on Job 1:4, etc.

[32] Based on Genesis 27:41; Deuteronomy 34:8

[33] Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 11:25

Earth Day

  Earth Day—Principles That Go Back To Genesis?   Bodie Hodge, M.Sc., B.Sc., PEI Biblical Authority Ministries, April 22, 2024 Happy “...